20% off €35


20% off €35


Buy 1 Get 1 FreeSummer ShopOffersOffers HubBuy One Get One 1/2 PriceSave up to 1/2 priceBuy 1 Get 1 Free25% off Online Only OfferOutletFlash sale up to 50% offFree gift with purchase2 for €61 Mix & MatchShort DatedVitamins & SupplementsVitamins & Supplements HubJoints, Aches & PainsImmunityGut HealthEnergyChildren's HealthHealthy HeartWeight ManagementExercise & RecoveryLow Mood & DepressionStress & AnxietyVitamins & Supplements Shop AllCBDCollagen & SilicaHair, Skin & NailsShop all Hair, Skin & NailsHair GrowthFunctional MushroomsVitaminsShop all VitaminsMultivitaminsVitamin AVitamin BVitamin CVitamin DVitamin EVitamin KVitamin DrinksMineralsShop all MineralsMagnesiumIronZincCalciumSeleniumChromiumSupplementsShop all SupplementsFibre SupplementsAcidophilus & Friendly BacteriaPeppermint OilGrapeseed ExtractLecithinCollagen & SilicaOmega & Fish OilsPlant Sourced SupplementsSuperfood SupplementsArnicaApple CiderRaspberry KetonesAloe VeraChondroitin & MSMCo Enzyme Q10Evening Primrose OilGarlicGlucosamineGlucomannanSeaweed, Kelps and AquaceuticalsDigestive EnzymesSaw palmettoCharcoalWomen's HealthShop all Women's HealthMenopauseMenstrual SupportUrinary Tract HealthPregnancy & ConceptionMen's HealthShop all Men's HealthProstate HealthChildren's HealthConditionShop all ConditionCholesterolAllergy & Hay Fever CareAnxiety SupportBone & Muscle HealthMuscle Support & Joint PainBrain & Memory SupportWomen's HealthMen's HealthChildren's HealthCold & Immune SupportFatigueDigestive HealthHair, Skin & NailsHeart & CirculationLiver CareMood SupportSexual HealthSleep & RelaxationStress ReliefVisionHerbal & Licensed RemediesShop all Herbal & Licensed RemediesValerianRescue RemedyAshwagandhaEchinaceaMilk ThistleGinseng & GuaranaHomeopathic & Flower RemediesShop all Homeopathic & Flower RemediesRescue RemedyFlower RemediesVegan Vitamins & SupplementsBuy One Get One 1/2 PriceBuy 1 Get 1 FreeSave up to 1/2 priceHolland & BarrettVitabioticsSolgarNew NordicBetterYouBioglanNatures AidGrass & Co.PE NutritionH&B ExpertDairy FreeGluten FreeSesame Seed FreeCelery FreeCereal FreeCrustaceans FreeEgg FreeFish FreeKiwi FreeLupin FreeNew inFood & DrinkFood & Drink HubImmunityExercise & RecoveryGut HealthEnergyJoints, Aches & PainsDental HealthWeight ManagementFood & Drink Shop AllVegan FoodHoney, Jams & SpreadsShop all Honey, Jams & SpreadsManuka HoneyHoneyJams & ChutneysNut ButtersSpreadsPateTeas & Hot BeveragesShop all Teas & Hot BeveragesCoffee & Coffee SubstituteMushroom DrinksTeaSuperfood TeaMatcha & Green TeaSleep & Relaxation TeaDried Fruit, Nuts & SeedsShop all Dried Fruit, Nuts & SeedsDried FruitNutsSeedsMixesSuperfoodsShop all SuperfoodsSuperfood PowdersMoringa PowderSpirulinaGoji BerriesBaobabChia SeedsSnacksShop all SnacksProtein BarsLow Calorie SnacksChocolate, Cakes & BiscuitsSavoury SnacksSweet SnacksSnack BarsCrisps & ChipsFlapjacksPopcornFood CupboardShop all Food CupboardCondiments & SaucesApple Cider VinegarSuperfoodsBreakfast CerealsHoney, Jams & SpreadsTinned FoodsRice, Pasta, Pulses & GrainsBreakfast CerealsShop all Breakfast CerealsCereals, Bran & FlakesGranolaMuesliOats & PorridgeBreakfast BarsDrinksShop all DrinksKombuchaNatural Energy DrinksJuicesSoft DrinksWaterAlcohol Free DrinksCookingShop all CookingCooking IngredientsApple Cider VinegarCondiments & SaucesSoya & Meat AlternativeSoup & Ready MealsRice, Pasta, Pulses & GrainsHerbs, Spices & SeasoningGravy & StockHome BakingShop all Home BakingBaking MixesBreadFlourSweeteners & Sugar AlternativesEgg SubstitutesDairy AlternativesShop all Dairy AlternativesOat, Rice & Hemp DrinksSoya DrinksNut DrinksCoconut DrinksNutritionally Complete FoodBuy One Get One 1/2 PriceSave up to 1/2 price25% off Online Only OfferHolland & BarrettNaturyaGrenadePukkaHeath & HeatherMeridianTwiningsOptimum NutritionNakdHuelGluten FreeDairy FreeEgg FreeWheat FreeMilk FreeSugar FreeSoya FreeMustard FreeCelery FreeFish FreeNew inSports NutritionSports Nutrition HubExercise & RecoveryEnergyWeight ManagementSports Nutrition Shop AllProteinShop all ProteinClear ProteinProtein VeganMeal ReplacementsWhey ProteinMass GainersDiet ProteinCaseinSports SupplementsShop all Sports SupplementsTestosteroneSports CollagenBars, Drinks & SnacksShop all Bars, Drinks & SnacksEnergy BarsProtein BarsProtein ShakesProtein SnacksNutritionally Complete FoodMeal Replacement ShakesPre Workout & EnergyShop all Pre Workout & EnergyPre WorkoutAmino Energy DrinksAmino Energy PowdersIntra WorkoutKetoPost WorkoutAmino AcidsShop all Amino AcidsBCAAL-LysineGlutamineArginineCreatineShop all CreatineCreatine PowderRehydrationShop all RehydrationElectrolytesEnergy GelsVegan Sports NutritionShop all Vegan Sports NutritionVegan ProteinVegan Protein BarsVegan Pre Workout & EnergyVegan Amino AcidsVegan CreatineSports AccessoriesShop all Sports AccessoriesBottles & ShakersFitness GoalShop all Fitness GoalRecoveryMuscle & StrengthLean MuscleEnergy & EnduranceDiet & Weight LossKetoSave up to 1/2 priceBuy One Get One 1/2 Price2 for €61 Mix & MatchPE NutritionOptimum NutritionGrenadeUSNApplied NutritionPhDHuelFoodspringSiSYfoodDairy FreeGluten FreeSugar FreeSoya FreeCelery FreeCereal FreeCrustaceans FreeEgg FreeFish FreeKiwi FreeNew inBeautyBeauty HubSkin Health - by skin concernDental HealthWomen's Health - Cycles & MenstruationSexual HealthWomen's Health - PregnancyJoints, Aches & PainsChildren's HealthExercise & RecoveryHealthy HeartImmunityNatural Beauty Shop AllAromatherapy & HomeShop all Aromatherapy & HomePure Essential OilsBlended Essential OilsBase & Carrier OilsHolisticSkincareShop all SkincarePremium SkincareFace CareBody CareSun CareTanning & BronzingEye CareLip CareFoot CareHand & Nail CareCBD BeautyHair Skin & NailsShop all Hair Skin & NailsNail ConditionsSkin ConditionsCollagenWashing & BathingShop all Washing & BathingShampoo & ConditionerBathing AccessoriesShower Gel & Body WashDeodorantDentalHand WashSoapBath Soak & OilBody ScrubBath Bombs & SaltsFeminine CareIncontinence SupportHair CareShop all Hair CareShampoo & ConditionerHair ColouringHair MasksHair Oil & SerumHair Spray, Gel & MousseHair AccessoriesMother & BabyShop all Mother & BabyBaby Skincare & ToiletriesMakeupElectrical WellnessSexual WellnessSave up to 1/2 priceBuy 1 Get 1 FreeBuy One Get One 1/2 PriceDr OrganicFaith in NatureWeledaNaturtintTisserandMiaromaQ+AEthiqueTrilogyChilds FarmAlcohol FreeParfum FreeParaben FreeSLS FreePalm Oil FreeGluten FreeCelery FreeCereal FreeCrustaceans FreeEgg FreeNew inWeight ManagementWeight Management HubExercise & RecoveryWeight ManagementEnergyHealthy HeartWeight Management Shop AllSlimming TabletsFat Burners, Binders & Appetite SuppressantsShop all Fat Burners, Binders & Appetite SuppressantsFat BurnersFat BindersAppetite SuppressantsShakes & Weight Management ShotsShop all Shakes & Weight Management ShotsMeal Replacement ShakesWeight Management ShotsDiet Food & DrinkShop all Diet Food & DrinkDiet FoodLow Calorie SnacksSlimming TeaExercise SupportBuy One Get One 1/2 PriceSave up to 1/2 price2 for €61 Mix & MatchGrenadeOptimum NutritionHolland & BarrettPulsinPhDEat WaterUSNNatures AidSlimExpertNew NordicSugar FreeDairy FreeGluten FreeWheat FreeNew inHealth & WellnessShop all Health & WellnessGut HealthSkin Health - by skin concernEnergyJoints, Aches & PainsWomen's Health - Hormonal HealthImmunityWomen's Health - Menopause & PerimenopauseExercise & RecoverySleep & RelaxationChildren's HealthJoints Bones & MusclesGut HealthShop all Gut HealthGut Health FoodGut Health SkincareHair Skin & NailsShop all Hair Skin & NailsNail ConditionsSkin ConditionsCollagenStress AnxietyShop all Stress AnxietyEnergy SupportSleep & RelaxationShop all Sleep & RelaxationRelaxationFood & DietShop all Food & DietKeto FoodMenopauseBuy One Get One 1/2 PriceBuy 1 Get 1 FreeSave up to 1/2 priceHolland & BarrettNaturtintDr OrganicVitabioticsWeledaSolgarNew NordicEthiqueWildNatures AidDairy FreeGluten FreeParaben FreeSLS FreeSugar FreeParfum FreeAlcohol FreeWheat FreeSesame Seed FreeSoya FreeNew inShop for your WellnessWomen's HealthMenopauseSkincareJoints, Bones & MusclesGut HealthHair, Skin & NailsImmunitySleep & RelaxationFood & DietChildren's HealthStress ReliefHealthy HeartEnergyLow Mood & DepressionEye HealthSexual HealthLearn about WellnessWomen's HealthPeriod & Cycle HealthMenopauseImmunityGut HealthFood & DietJoints, Bones & MusclesSports & FitnessSleep & RelaxationHair Skin & NailsArticlesAll articlesHealthFood & nutritionGut healthImmunityJoints, bones & musclesWomen's healthWellnessHair & skinMental wellbeingSeasonalSleep & relaxationSports nutritionRecipesAll recipesGluten freeLow sugarVeganDairy freePodcast

What is cradle cap – and how can I get rid of it?

what is cradle cap

Life with a newborn can be nerve-wracking. If your little one develops cradle cap, it’s natural to be concerned.

Reassuringly, this scalp condition is both common and generally harmless.

However, you should know how to treat cradle cap to ensure it doesn’t get any worse or spread to other parts of your baby’s body.

Read on to discover what cradle cap is, the symptoms of cradle cap, what causes it, and what to do if your baby has it.

What is cradle cap? 

Cradle cap – a type of dermatitis – is a common condition which affects newborn babies.1

This condition causes flaky, scabby patches on an infant’s scalp.

Cradle cap usually occurs in babies between the ages of 3 weeks and 12 months.

It’s very common and thought to affect 1 in 10 newborns.2

Common symptoms of cradle cap 

If your baby has any of the following on their scalp, it could be cradle cap:3

  • crusty, yellowish patches
  • flaky white skin
  • oily, greasy skin
  • scaly areas

These signs of cradle cap may be accompanied by mild redness.

Some babies get cradle cap on eyebrows, nose and nappy area. Again, this is completely normal and usually clears up on its own. Cradle cap on face or body areas is known as infantile seborrheic dermatitis.4

Further, cradle cap doesn’t typically cause inflammation, oozing or odour. If your baby has any of these, it could be an infection and medical attention should be promptly sought.5

Good news - cradle cap isn’t itchy, and your baby probably isn’t even aware of it! It’s also worth nothing that cradle cap isn’t infectious, and your baby being near another baby with cradle cap won’t mean your child is any more likely to develop it.6

What is the cause of cradle cap? 

The medical cause of cradle cap isn’t actually known.

It’s thought to be a result of excess oil made by the glands in your new baby’s scalp. Due to hormonal changes in the mother during pregnancy, the oil glands can be overactive during the first few months of a baby’s life.7

The scalp is particularly affected as it has plenty of oil glands.8 The type of dermatitis which causes cradle cap is also found in other areas where there are oil glands, including the eyebrows, nose, ears and in the nappy region.9

Another theory on the cradle cap cause is the presence of a type of yeast called malassezia which one study found on the scalps of around 80% of babies with cradle cap.10

Cradle cap isn’t caused by poor hygiene, so don’t feel guilty and that you could have prevented it by washing your baby more.


  • Cradle cap is very common – around 1 in 10 newborns are affected
  • Signs include flaky, yellowish patches on the scalp, eyebrows, ears or nappy area
  • It’s harmless, non-contagious and should go away on its own 

How do you get rid of cradle cap on babies? 

While cradle cap is harmless, there are ways to prevent it and also get rid of it. 

Cradle cap Dos 

  1. Wash your baby’s hair every day

Using a mild baby shampoo, gently wash your baby’s hair with your fingertips, rinsing then patting their head dry with a clean towel.

Special cradle cap shampoo is available, but you might not need it unless the cradle cap is persistent, or if your midwife or doctor recommends it.

Handpicked content: 8 of the best baby shampoos

  1. Brush your baby’s scalp 

After washing, gently brush your baby’s hair and scalp to loosen the scabs. You could use a regular soft baby brush or a cradle cap brush with soft rubber bristles, or even a clean flannel.

Some parents prefer using a fine tooth comb to gently comb loose flakes out.

Don’t worry if washing or brushing doesn’t remove all the scabs. This just means the scabs are still attached to healthy skin and aren’t ready to fall off yet.

  1. Oil your baby’s scalp 

After each wash, massage your baby’s scalp with a non-allergenic oil such as baby oil, olive oil, vegetable oil or coconut oil. Leave for a few hours to soften the rough, crusty skin before shampooing out.

You could buy a special cradle cap cream to apply if you prefer. These work by softening the skin and reducing the secretion of the natural oil sebum.

What should I not do for cradle cap? 

There are certain things to avoid when treating cradle cap - here are 4 of the most important tips. 

Cradle cap DON’Ts 

  1. Don’t use anti-dandruff shampoo 

Anti-dandruff shampoo can contain ingredients – like salicylic acid – which are too harsh for a baby’s delicate skin.11

  1. Don’t use a steroid cream unless it’s prescribed

Don’t use a steroid cream (such as hydrocortisone cream) unless your doctor recommends it. These creams can be strong for a newborn and their use should be monitored by a medical professional.12

  1. Don’t use soap 

Soap is drying on newborn skin, which can make cradle cap worse. Use a mild baby shampoo or special cradle cap baby shampoo instead.13

  1. Don’t pick it!

Never scratch, pick or roughly rub cradle cap.

What happens if you scratch cradle cap?

Scratching or picking cradle cap can introduce infection to your baby’s scalp, which will require further treatment.14

Picking cradle cap also causes sore spots for your baby, and you could end up removing healthy skin along with the dried scabs.

Picking cradle cap scabs can also pull out your baby’s hair. Cradle cap hair loss isn’t permanent, so don’t worry if you do see any hair loss when gently washing your baby’s scalp.

What if cradle cap doesn’t go away? 

Cradle cap should clear up on its own after your baby’s first birthday, or in a few weeks with home treatment. If it persists, speak to your midwife or doctor to discuss further treatment.15

This might include an antifungal cream such as ketoconazole 2%, or a topical steroid cream such as hydrocortisone 1% for approximately 1-2 weeks.16

Be aware that it’s not uncommon for a baby to experience recurrent cradle cap during their first year, even after initial successful treatment.


  • Wash your baby’s hair daily with mild baby shampoo until cradle cap goes away 
  • Gently brush or comb the loose flakes away 
  • Never pick or scrub, as this can cause infection
  • If symptoms persist, see your baby’s doctor 

6 of the best baby skincare products

Wondering how to keep your baby's skin soft and glowing? These 6 best baby skincare products will make sure you cleanse, moisturise and care for your child's skin in the right way.

The advice in this article is for information only and should not replace medical care. Please check with your GP or healthcare professional before trying any supplements, treatments or remedies. Food supplements must not be used as a substitute for a varied and balanced diet and a healthy lifestyle.
  • Visa
  • MasterCard
  • AmericanExpress
  • PayPal
  • Facebook
  • Twitter
Copyright © Holland & Barrett Limited, 2024. All rights reserved. hollandandbarrett.ie is a trading name of Holland & Barrett Limited. Registered office: 45 Henry Street, Dublin, Dublin 1, D01 E9X8. Registered in Ireland: Company no. 79819. Registered VAT no. 4682002U.