Your scalp probably isn’t high on your list of beauty priorities because it’s hidden away beneath your hair.
Most of us only tend to only pay any attention to our scalp when it’s acting up. But here’s the thing, there’s no such thing as a healthy head of hair without a healthy scalp.
Your scalp is covered in hair follicles.
They can easily get clogged with dead skin and sweat, as well as random particles, such as pollen or dust, and environmental pollutants that find their way onto our scalp throughout the day.1
Hair follicles that are blocked don’t do as good a job of growing strong, healthy hair.
Meanwhile, general build-up on the scalp can make it flaky, itchy and sensitive. This is why looking after your scalp is so important.
As we’ve just mentioned above, clogged hair follicles can lead to hair that’s not in the best condition, and this clogging and general build-up of sweat, dirt and hair products can make our hair and scalp itchy over time.
What’s more, a dry and itchy scalp can also be caused by numerous reasons.
The most common reason behind the itchiness is dandruff, which looks like little flakes within your hair and on your clothing.
Other reasons for scalp itchiness include allergic reactions to hair products and skin concerns involving sensitive scalps.
Having a dry scalp may lead to hair loss in the sense that dry hair tends to be more brittle, so is more prone to breaking more easily, which can lead to hair loss.
For instance, you may find some strands of hair break off and end up in your brush every time you brush your hair.2
If your hair is dry, chances are you’re going to know about it when you wash and brush it and when you look in the mirror.3,4
Hair frizz can be caused by all sorts of things, ranging from genetics and the weather, to dry hair.
Just like the skin on our face and the rest of our body, the skin on our head can lack moisture too, and minimum or zero moisture can mean dehydrated and frizzy-looking locks.
Coarse strands of hair are usually the sign of damaged hair that’s far from healthy and doesn’t have enough moisture or nourishment.
This can be down to dehydrated scalp issues, clogged hair follicles and more.
When hair is dry or damaged, the cuticles (or shafts) stick up. This means light cannot be reflected properly on the hair surface.
We all get them, but none of us wants them. If you look at the ends of your hair and some of them look like they’re separating from each other, they’re split ends.
They can be caused by everyday life and styling, e.g. brushing and straighteners, hair dye and bleaching.
Damaged and dry hair tends to lack any oomph because your hair isn’t as healthy and voluminous as it ought to be.
Hair frizz, brittleness, dullness, all of the culprits listed above, are to blame for zero volume issues.
Hair that breaks off halfway down is a sign that it isn’t being sufficiently moisturised.
Healthy strands of hair are pretty flexible in that you can pull them at either end and they will flex a while before snapping. Dry, damaged hair will break pretty much straight away.
Try it yourself: take a hair from your head and gently pull either end, how much give does it have?
Dry hair can sometimes be a symptom of having a dry scalp, some of the reasons for which we mentioned at the start of this article.
If the skin on your head is itchy and dry, then it’s highly likely your hair may be as well.
Dry scalps are usually a sign of dryness so, just like the rest of your skin, use products that will be kind to your scalp and give it the goodness and nourishment it needs.5
This includes using hair shampoos, conditioners, masks and scrubs (check out the examples below) that have been specially formulated for dry scalps, as they have been designed to soothe and maintain the right balance for optimum scalp and hair health.
Try not to over-wash your hair because it can strip your hair and scalp of its natural oils, which can lead to dryness. So too can overdoing it with hair scrubs.
Choose the right shampoo for your scalp type.
If you don’t know your scalp type, it’s simple. Dry or sensitive scalps tend to flake and itch, whereas oily scalps are prone to flat, lank hair.
If you have oily or dry skin on your face, you’re most likely to have this type of skin on your scalp, too.
You could ask your hairdresser next time you’re in their chair if you’re unsure.
Conditioners shouldn’t be applied to the scalp. Instead of giving you shiny, soft hair, you’re more likely to overload your scalp with heavy products and cause the hair at the scalp (where it’s newest and naturally most soft) to become lank and oily.
Your scalp is covered in skin. You wouldn’t consider a flaky, itchy face par for the course, so why do we often ignore such issues on our scalp?
Moisturise your scalp with a scalp serum, scalp cream or scalp oil. Some formulas are designed to be washed out and others are supposed to be applied to towel-dried hair and left in, so check the label.
A hair mask for dry scalp issues will give you serious scalp TLC and can make a real difference in the condition of your scalp and hair over time.
The best dry scalp treatment will work like a scalp conditioner, delivering both clarifying ingredients and moisture to a parched scalp without weighing down your hair at the roots.
Handpicked content: Hair masks: how to make and use them
If cash is short or if you just prefer making your own products, you can easily make a scalp mask at home.
Honey is one of nature’s best offerings for beauty. It contains antioxidants and is also a humectant, meaning it attracts water, which is great news for dry, flaky scalps.6
It all depends on how dry and damaged her hair is in the first place and the type of products you apply to your hair and scalp, as well as how often you use them.
There’s no set timeframe as to when you will start to see results, but if you’re using the right type of products regularly (without overdoing it and aggravating your scalp), there’s no reason why your efforts won’t pay off sooner rather than later.
Dry scalps can happen to us all.
They’re a sign our scalp needs a bit of additional TLC, which is available in abundance, as you’ve most probably realised now you’ve reached the end of this article.
Just because we can’t see our scalp doesn’t mean we shouldn’t take care of it.
For more healthy scalp and hair, insight read, ‘Hair detox: 15 ways to do scalp cleansing & look after your hair.’
Joined Holland & Barrett: Aug 2005
Michelle joined Holland and Barrett in 2005 as a Customer Services Advisor where she worked for a total of 6 years.
She left H&B to pursue a career within the public sector and later returned in 2013 where she continued to support the Customer Services department and further developed by qualifying as an advanced product advisor working alongside a team of nutritionists.
She then moved to buying as a FNSS Raw Materials Coordinator before joining the Regulatory Affairs Department in 2017 as a Regulatory Affairs Associate. After 3 years in this role, she then moved to the Beauty team where she expanded her knowledge to focus on the beauty industry.
Michelle is now working on both own-label and branded beauty lines, ensuring that these products and all relating marketing material comply to the EU, UK and International Cosmetics Regulations.
Michelle has 3 children who take up a lot of her time, but when she has a few spare minutes she enjoys walking, fitness and cooking.